As the UK’s population continues to grow, the demand for goods and services is rising. But what impact is this having on the energy sector, and which businesses are responsible for consuming the highest amount of gas and electricity to keep up with the growing demand?
From 2017 to 2018, the overall amount of energy consumed in the UK grew by 1.1%. While the arrival of the so-called ‘Beast from the East’ – a severe cold weather front which affected all parts of the country in early 2018 – is partly responsible for the increase, the percentage change also reflects a growing demand for energy across all industries and sectors.
Here, we’re taking a look at where energy is being used across the UK, with stats and data to show which industries, businesses and local regions consume the most gas, electricity and fuel per year. Explore our guide to UK energy statistics using the links below.
For quick reference, the UK’s top 10 biggest business energy consumers are:
In 2018, the UK consumed 142,724 kilotonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe), a 1.1% increase on the previous year and the highest amount of energy since 2013. Here’s where it was used:
While energy comes from lots of sources, the UK has three primary fuels:
Energy consumption varies from sector to sector in the UK, with some experiencing year-on-year growth and others, decline. Here, we look at the industries, sectors and businesses that consume the most power, as well as the types of fuels they typically use.
The services sector accounted for 15% of total consumption in 2018.
The industrial and manufacturing sector accounted for 16% of total consumption in 2018.
Please Note: The above map data is for 2015-2016 (source) – the most recent currently available. We will update this information as new data is publicly released.
Here’s a map of total business energy consumption across the UK, taking into account industrial and commercial energy use.
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From data published by the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, it’s clear that the way in which the UK consumes energy is changing. Since 1970, there has been a dramatic shift away from non-renewable fuels like coal (a decrease of 96%), while alternative fuels like bioenergy continue to grow – with an increase in consumption across all sectors.
Here are five key takeaways from the DfBE&IS’ state of energy use in the UK report that you need to know.
Many factors affect overall energy consumption, not least the weather, which is why energy consumption varies greatly from sector to sector. But as the population of the UK continues to rise, the demand for energy will rise with it – so we can certainly expect increased energy consumption in the future.
Data Source: Energy Consumption in the UK (ECUK) 2019 - GOV.UK
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